Breed description

Border Collie Breed Standard – © The Kennel Club

General Appearance
Well proportioned, smooth outline showing quality, gracefulness and perfect balance, combined with sufficient substance to give impression of endurance. Any tendency to coarseness or weediness undesirable.

Characteristics
Tenacious, hard-working sheep dog, of great tractability.

Temperament
Keen, alert, responsive and intelligent. Neither nervous nor aggressive.

Head and Skull
Skull fairly broad, occiput not pronounced. Cheeks not full or rounded. Muzzle,
tapering to nose, moderately short and strong. Skull and foreface approximately
equal in length. Stop very distinct. Nose black, except in brown or chocolate colour
when it may be brown. In blues nose should be slate colour. Nostrils well developed.

Eyes
Set wide apart, oval-shaped, of moderate size, brown in colour
except in merles where one or both or part of one or both may be blue.
Expression mild, keen, alert and intelligent.

Ears
Medium size and texture, set well apart. Carried erect or semi-erect and sensitive in use.

Mouth
Teeth and jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e.
upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Neck
Of good length, strong and muscular, slightly arched and broadening to shoulders.

Forequarters
Front legs parallel when viewed from front, pasterns slightly sloping when viewed from side. Bone strong but not heavy. Shoulders well laid back, elbows close to body.

Body
Athletic in appearance, ribs well sprung, chest deep and rather broad, loins deep and muscular, but not tucked up. Body slightly longer than height at shoulder.

Hindquarters
Broad, muscular, in profile sloping gracefully to set on of tail. Thighs long,
deep and muscular with well turned stifles and strong well let down hocks.
From hock to ground, hindlegs well boned and parallel when viewed from rear.

Feet
Oval, pads deep, strong and sound, toes arched and close together. Nails short and strong.

Tail
Moderately long, the bone reaching at least to hock, set on low, well furnished
and with an upward swirl towards the end, completing graceful contour and
balance of dog. Tail may be raised in excitement, never carried over back.

Gait/Movement
Free, smooth and tireless, with minimum lift of feet,
conveying impression of ability to move with great stealth and speed.

Coat
Two varieties: 1) Moderately long; 2) Smooth. In both, topcoat dense and medium textured, undercoat soft and dense giving good weather resistance. In moderately long-coated variety, abundant coat forms mane, breeching and brush. On face, ears, forelegs (except for feather), hindlegs from hock to ground, hair should be short and smooth.

Colour
Variety of colours permissible. White should never predominate.
some example pictures from Borders bread by ourselves

Size
Ideal height: dogs: 53 cms (21 ins); bitches slightly less.

Faults
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the
seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion
to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

Note
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

resource: Kennel Club England